9 Ways to Get Your Backyard Chickens to Lay More Eggs

Fresh eggs. For most of us, it’s the reason we got backyard chickens. So the more eggs, the better.

Well, the good news is that with the right approach, you can maximize your hens’ egg production and enjoy a steady supply of eggs. It all comes down to picking the right chicken breed and treating them well.

Here are some tried-and-true tips that have helped me get the most eggs from my own backyard flock.

Fresh farm eggs with delicate purple flowers on a rustic background.

Key Takeaways

  • To maximize egg production, choose the right breed, consider the age of your hens, and pay attention to seasonal laying cycles.
  • Provide optimal nutrition, lighting, temperature, and humidity while minimizing stress to keep your hens laying consistently throughout the year.

1. The Impact of Age on Egg Production

Let’s talk about egg production. It’s an interesting topic that can sometimes be overlooked. Did you know that age plays an important role in a hen’s egg-laying abilities? Yup, just like us humans, hens go through different stages of life, and their egg production changes over time.

I remember when I first got my chickens as young pullets. They were so full of energy and couldn’t wait to start laying those beautiful eggs. But as they grew older, I noticed some changes in their egg production. It’s just a natural part of their life cycle, and we must be aware of it.

Peak Laying Years for Hens

Here’s the deal: hens can lay an incredible 250 to 300 eggs per year during their peak egg-laying years when they are around 18 months to 2 years old. Amazing, right? But as with all good things, there’s a catch. After those peak years, egg production naturally starts to decline. It’s just a part of the aging process for our feathered friends.

Strategies for Maintaining Egg Production in Older Hens

Now, before you start thinking about replacing your older hens with younger ones, hold on a minute. You can use some strategies to maintain egg production even as your hens age.

The first thing you should focus on is keeping your hens healthy. Give them a well-balanced diet, clean water, and a stress-free environment. These things can help them stay healthy, happy, and productive.

Another trick is to provide supplemental lighting during the shorter days of fall and winter. Hens need about 14-16 hours of light per day to keep laying eggs. So, by adding some artificial light, you can keep the eggs coming all year round.

Lastly, if you’re considering introducing younger hens to your flock, do it gradually. This way, you can keep a steady supply of eggs while your older hens continue to produce what they can.

A variety of pastel-colored farm fresh eggs on a vintage floral kitchen towel, with baking ingredients and a rolling pin in the background.

2. Optimizing Nutrition for Egg Production

I want you to imagine that you’re a star athlete and training for the biggest competition of your life. Now, you wouldn’t just eat junk food and expect to perform at your best, right? Well, the same goes for your hens and their egg production.

If you want your feathered ladies to produce the most eggs, you’ve got to give them the proper nutrition they need.

Essential Nutrients for Laying Hens

So, what exactly do hens need to lay a lot? First things first, protein is super important. Your hens need a feed that contains 16-18% protein to maintain strong muscles and produce high-quality eggs. So, make sure you’re feeding them the right food and plenty of it.

Next up, calcium is crucial for strong eggshells. You can provide your hens with crushed oyster shells or calcium supplements to make sure they’re getting enough of this mineral.

And don’t forget about vitamins and minerals! Make sure your hens are getting a balanced diet with all the necessary nutrients to keep them healthy and productive.

Feeding Strategies to Boost Egg Production

So, now that you’ve got the hang of what to feed your hens, let’s talk about how to feed them. One simple trick is to offer them a 24/7 buffet of layer feed. Just keep their feeder full and let them nibble away whenever they want.

Another neat trick is to mix up their diet with some nutrient-rich treats. Who doesn’t love a good snack, right? You can try feeding them nutrient-packed goodies like mealworms, scrambled eggs, or leafy greens. These treats not only add some variety to your hen’s diet, but they also provide some extra nutrition.

Supplements and Additives for Improved Egg Laying

If you want to take your hens’ egg production to the next level, consider adding some supplements and additives to their diet.

One popular option is omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in flaxseed or fish oil. Adding these healthy fats to your hens’ diet can improve egg quality and even boost the omega-3 content of the eggs themselves. Plus, who doesn’t want healthier eggs?

Another great supplement to consider is probiotics, which can help keep your hens’ gut healthy and improve nutrient absorption. Remember, happy and healthy hens are productive hens!

3. Environmental Factors Affecting Egg Production

Now, let’s talk about your hens’ happiness for a second. Imagine you’re a hen, living your best life in a cozy coop. You’ve got plenty of food and water, but there’s something not quite right. The lighting is off, the temperature is uncomfortable, and you’re feeling a bit stressed out. All of a sudden, laying eggs doesn’t seem so appealing anymore.

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As a chicken keeper, it’s your job to create the perfect environment for your hens to thrive and lay like there’s no tomorrow. So, here are some environmental factors that can make or break your hens’ egg production you should know about.

The Role of Lighting in Egg Laying

Remember that hens are creatures of habit and need a consistent day-night cycle to regulate their egg-laying. In fact, they need about 14-16 hours of light per day to lay their best.

As the days start to get shorter in the fall and winter, you might need to supplement with some artificial lighting to keep your hens laying. Just make sure to provide a consistent schedule and avoid sudden changes, as this can throw off their laying cycle.

Ideal Temperature and Humidity for Egg Production

Are you all set to take care of your feathery friends this fall and winter? Here’s a tip for you – just like us, hens also have their own temperature preferences. They like it not too hot, not too cold, but just right, just like Goldilocks! The best temperature range for egg production is between 50-80°F (10-27°C).

Another important factor to consider is humidity. Too dry or too moist air in the coop can cause respiratory problems in your hens. So, aim for a relative humidity level between 40% and 50% to keep your hens healthy and comfortable.

If you live in an area with extreme temperatures, make sure your coop is well-ventilated and provides shade in the summer and insulation in the winter.

Stress Reduction Techniques for Improved Laying

Here’s another thing to remember: Hens are super sensitive creatures, and stress can affect their egg production. Imagine trying to lay an egg while feeling worried about predators, overcrowding, or noisy neighbors – not exactly a relaxing experience!

One of the best ways to make your hens feel comfortable is to provide plenty of space for them to roam and forage. A good rule of thumb is to have at least 2-3 square feet of coop space and 4-5 square feet of run space per hen. This will give them the freedom to spread their wings and get some exercise.

Make sure your hens have a safe and secure place to lay their eggs, too. Consider adding some natural stress-busters like herbs or hanging treats to keep them entertained.

4. Seasonal Considerations for Egg Production

Have you noticed how your hens’ egg-laying habits change with the seasons? It’s almost as if their own internal calendar tells them when to ramp up production and take a little break. But don’t let this throw you off! Understanding these seasonal patterns can actually be super helpful in keeping your egg supply steady throughout the year.

Natural Laying Cycles of Hens

Did you know that hens are most productive during the spring and summer months when the days are longer and the weather is warmer? That’s because the amount of daylight they receive triggers egg-laying.

But don’t worry if you notice a dip in egg production during fall and winter – it’s completely normal. Your feathered friends are just following their natural laying cycle and taking a break.

Keep in mind that different breeds have different tendencies when it comes to seasonal laying. For instance, heritage breeds like Plymouth Rocks and Rhode Island Reds tend to lay more consistently year-round, while hybrid breeds like ISA Browns and Golden Comets may experience more noticeable seasonal fluctuations.

A Rhode Island Red hen nestled in a wooden coop.

Strategies for Year-Round Egg Production

If you want to keep your egg supply steady throughout the year, you can use a few strategies to encourage your hens to keep laying.

One of the best ways to keep your hens laying during fall and winter is to provide supplemental lighting in the coop. Aim for 14-16 hours of light per day to mimic the longer days of spring and summer.

It’s also important to keep your hens cozy and warm during the colder months. Make sure their coop is well-insulated and draft-free, and consider providing a heat source if temperatures drop below freezing.

Another way to support your hens’ egg production is through their diet. Offer high-quality layer feed, plenty of fresh water, and nutrient-rich treats like mealworms or sprouted grains.

And lastly, think about adding some younger hens to your flock in the fall. These “spring chickens” will help keep your egg supply steady while your older hens take a winter break.

5. Choosing the Right Breed for Maximum Egg Production

It’s important to pick the right breed if you want to get the most eggs from your backyard flock. Not all chickens are created equal when it comes to egg-laying prowess. Some are better suited for meat production or show, while others are born to be egg-laying superstars.

Top Egg-Laying Chicken Breeds

So, which breeds are the MVPs of the egg-laying world? Here are a few of my top picks:

  • Leghorns: These petite powerhouses can lay up to 300 eggs per year!
  • Rhode Island Reds: Hardy and reliable, these classic beauties consistently lay around 250 eggs per year.
  • Plymouth Rocks: Known for their friendly personalities and consistent laying, these hens can produce up to 200 eggs per year.
  • Australorps: These Australian imports are known for their record-breaking egg production, with some hens laying up to 364 eggs in a single year!

Of course, plenty of other great egg-laying breeds are out there, like Orpingtons, Ameraucanas, and Marans. It’s all about finding the breed that fits your style and goals.

Hybrid vs Heritage Breeds for Egg Production

If you’re considering getting chickens for egg production, you may be wondering whether to choose hybrid or heritage breeds. It’s a tough choice, as both options have their pros and cons. Let me give you a quick rundown!

First up, we have hybrid breeds like ISA Browns and Golden Comets. These guys are bred specifically for high egg production and are known to start laying earlier and more consistently than heritage breeds. That’s a big plus if you’re looking for a steady supply of eggs.

However, there are a few downsides to consider. Hybrid breeds may have shorter lifespans than heritage breeds, and they may not have as much genetic diversity.

On the other hand, heritage breeds like Plymouth Rocks and Rhode Island Reds tend to have longer lifespans and a more diverse genetic makeup. They may not lay as many eggs as hybrid breeds, but they are known for their hardiness and ability to adapt to different environments.

So, which should you choose? It all depends on your needs and preferences. If you want a high egg production rate, a hybrid breed might be the way to go. If you’re looking for a hardy, low-maintenance breed, then a heritage breed might be a better fit.

But whatever you choose, make sure to give your feathered friends lots of love and care, and they’ll reward you with delicious eggs!

6. Monitoring and Troubleshooting Egg Production Issues

Even with the best care and management, sometimes things can go wrong in the world of egg production. One day you’re collecting a bounty of beautiful eggs, and the next, you’re wondering where all the eggs have gone!

Don’t panic—most egg production issues can be solved with a little detective work and some simple adjustments. Here are some common causes of why your egg production decreased and how to solve them.

Common Causes of Decreased Egg Production

There are a few common culprits behind a drop in egg production:

  • Molting: This natural process of feather loss and renewal can cause a temporary decrease in egg laying.
  • Stress: Changes in environment, diet, or flock dynamics can stress your hens and impact their laying.
  • Lighting: Insufficient daylight hours can trick your hens’ bodies into thinking it’s time to take a break from laying.
  • Nutrition: A diet lacking in essential nutrients like protein or calcium can lead to fewer or lower-quality eggs.

If you suspect one of these issues is at play, try adjusting your management practices and see if egg production improves.

Health Issues That Impact Egg Laying

Sometimes, a drop in egg production can be a sign of an underlying health issue.

Don’t worry, though; as long as you take care of your hens, you can usually catch and treat these issues early on.

Here are some common health problems that can impact egg-laying:

  • Egg binding: This painful condition occurs when a hen cannot pass an egg and requires immediate veterinary attention.
  • Infectious diseases: Illnesses like avian influenza, Newcastle disease, and Salmonella can all impact egg production and overall health.
  • Parasites: Internal and external parasites like worms and mites can stress your hens and decrease egg laying.

Remember, the most important thing is to keep an eye on your flock and catch any health issues early on. If you suspect a health issue impacts your hens’ egg production, consult a veterinarian or experienced poultry expert for guidance.

Recordkeeping for Optimal Egg Production Management

One of the best ways to stay on top of your hens’ egg production is to keep detailed records. This can help you identify patterns, track changes, and troubleshoot issues more effectively.

Consider keeping a simple spreadsheet or journal where you record daily egg counts, feeding and watering schedules, and any changes in management practices or flock health.

Key Tip:

You can also use this data to set goals and benchmark your progress over time. If you notice a consistent dip in egg production during the winter months, you can plan and adjust your lighting and feeding strategies accordingly.


Alright, folks, we’ve covered a lot of ground in this egg-cellent guide to maximizing your hens’ egg production. But I know you’ve still got questions – I can practically hear them clucking around in your brain!

Don’t worry, I’ve got you covered! I’ve rounded up some of the most common questions I get about egg laying, and I’m here to give you the straight scoop. Let’s crack into it!

How many eggs can a hen lay per year?

This is the million-dollar question, isn’t it? The answer is it depends on the breed, age, and overall health of your hen. But in general, you can expect a healthy, productive hen to lay anywhere from 200 to 300 eggs per year.

Some overachieving breeds, like Leghorns and Australorps, have been known to lay upwards of 300 or even 350 eggs in a year! But remember, every hen is unique, and a specific number is not guaranteed.

Do hens need a rooster to lay eggs?

This is a common misconception, but the truth is hens don’t need a rooster to lay eggs. Egg laying is a natural process with or without a male bird.

However, if you want your eggs to be fertile and hatch into cute little chicks, you will need a rooster to get the job done. Without a rooster, your hens’ eggs will still be delicious and nutritious, but they won’t be able to produce offspring.

How can I tell if my hen is laying eggs?

If you’re new to chicken keeping, it can be a bit tricky to tell when your hens start laying. But there are a few telltale signs to look out for:

  • Squatting behavior: When you approach a laying hen, she may hunker down and spread her wings slightly as if to say, “I’m ready to lay!”
  • Bright red comb and wattles: A hen’s comb and wattles (those fleshy bits on her head) will become larger and brighter red when she starts laying.
  • Egg song: Some hens will make a distinct “egg song” or cackle after laying an egg as if to announce their accomplishment to the world!

Of course, the best way to know if your hen is laying is to check the nesting box regularly for eggs. With a little observation and patience, you’ll soon be able to tell when your hens are in full egg-laying mode!

More on Farm Eggs:

Here are a few resources about farm eggs:

I hope these guides will help you on your farm egg production journey.


We’ve covered a lot about how to get the most eggs out of your backyard chicken flock. And let me tell you, there’s nothing quite like the satisfaction of collecting a basket full of fresh, colorful eggs from your hens.

But let’s not forget that keeping chickens is a big responsibility. These little guys are living, breathing creatures that depend on you for everything – rain or shine, eggs or no eggs. So, when you raise chickens, you’re signing up for a daily routine of feeding, watering, cleaning, and caring for your feathered friends.

Natural-toned eggs in a basket, with a gentle pastel color.

When you take on the responsibility of keeping chickens, you’re signing up for daily feeding and watering, regular coop cleaning, health checks, and so much more. It’s a commitment that lasts for the lifetime of your birds, not just when they’re cranking out eggs like little feathered machines.

I’ve seen it happen too many times – folks get caught up in the excitement of fresh eggs and forget about the less glamorous parts of chicken keeping. And when the eggs slow down or stop coming altogether, they lose interest and neglect their birds.

I’ve seen too many people get caught up in the excitement of fresh eggs and forget about the less glamorous parts of chicken keeping. But that’s not you, right? You’re ready to embrace the joys and challenges of keeping backyard chickens and give your birds the love and care they deserve, no matter what.

Trust me, the rewards go far beyond just eggs – you’ll gain a deeper appreciation for these amazing creatures and the simple pleasures of a life connected to nature.

9 Ways to Get Your Backyard Chickens to Lay More Eggs

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